A question often asked by novice lifters is what muscles are used in the Bench Press. The answer varies with the type of Bench Press being attempted, but for the purpose of this Blog I will look at the Powerlifting Competition style Bench Press.
Bench Press is classified as
Basic: A principal exercise that can place greater absolute intensity on muscles exercised relative to auxiliary exercises.
Compound: An exercise that involves two or more joint movements.
Push: Movement away from centre of body during the concentric contraction of the target muscle.
Target Muscle: The primary muscle intended for exercise.
Pectoralis Major, Sternal
Synergistic Muscles: A muscle that assists another muscle to accomplish a movement.
Pectoralis Major, Clavicular
Dynamic Stabiliser Muscles: A biarticulate muscle that simultaneously moves through the two joints with little change in length, in effect shortening through the target joint and lengthening through the adjacent joint.
Biceps Brachii, Short Head
Stabiliser Muscles: A muscle that contracts with no significant movement to maintain a posture or fixate a joint.
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